Corrections Fatigue Model

Corrections Fatigue Assessment

Corrections Fatigue Assessment
This original measure for correctional employees working in adult institutions was developed by DWCO. It is the intellectual property of DWCO, and items cannot be used or re-administered without DWCO’s express, written permission. To view the measure, click HERE.


The Corrections Fatigue Assessment (CFA) is designed to be administered to groups of correctional employees, not to individuals, in order to examine the levels and areas of Corrections Fatigue in the workforce of correctional agencies

DWCO Research

DWCO Foundational and Occupation-Specific Research Studies

Click on an image to download the respective full-text article.


Descriptive Study of Michigan Department of
Corrections Staff Well-being: Contributing
Factors, Outcomes, and Actionable Solutions.
By Caterina Spinaris, PhD, and Nicole Brocato, PhD

Prevalence of Trauma-related Health Conditions in Correctional Officers:
A Profile of Michigan Corrections Organization Members
(Posted with permission)By Michael D. Denhof, PhD and Caterina G. Spinaris, PhD

Occupational Stressors in Corrections Organizations: Types, Effects, and Solutions
By Michael D. Denhof, PhD, Caterina G. Spinaris, PhD, and Gregory R. Morton, B.A.

Depression, PTSD, and Comorbidity in United States Corrections
Professionals: Prevalence and Impact on Health and Functioning
By Michael D. Denhof, PhD and Caterina G. Spinaris, PhD

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in United States Corrections
Professionals: Prevalence and Impact on Health and Functioning
By Caterina G. Spinaris, PhD, Michael D. Denhof, PhD, and Julie A. Kellaway, PhD



Research Services

DWCO’s Research Services

Research is an important component of any organization’s operating procedures. Research helps organizations better understand their current needs, implement evidence-informed action plans, evaluate the effectiveness of those action plans, and make immediate adjustments in an ongoing cycle of improvement.


To be effective, your research needs to use current best practices and be designed to provide actionable results.


DWCO’s research team has a broad range of technical experience ranging from multi-million-dollar published research to internal quality improvement efforts. With substantive knowledge in corrections, psychology, and public health, we can help you develop sophisticated research plans that fit your capacities and directly inform your work.


DWCO offers a suite of customizable research services tailored to your agency’s individual needs, including:
• Surveys
• Interviewing
• Measure design
• Program design
• Program evaluation
• Quantitative and qualitative data analysis
• And more


Contact Dr. Caterina Spinaris or call 719-784-4727 to learn more about DWCO’s services and request a proposal. Dr. Spinaris will work with you to develop a set of research activities that efficiently answers your research questions and yields practical results that make sense for your organization.