Assessment Instruments


What is Corrections Fatigue?

Corrections Fatigue is an umbrella term for a constellation of stressors and stressful circumstances, and the cumulative toll they can take, upon corrections professionals and upon entire corrections workplace cultures. The ingredients of Corrections Fatigue include a variety of factors, many interacting, such as negatively skewed outlook among staff; negatively affected mood, morale, and capacity for empathy/compassion; inconsistent or lack of leadership support for staff, unhealthy interactions between staff, conscience issues, and/or lack of job meaning/fulfillment, among other impacts. Research conducted at Desert Waters Correctional Outreach has been focused on not only modeling Corrections Fatigue theoretically but also measuring it empirically. A Corrections Fatigue Process Model was created to illustrate visually the major inputs that feed Corrections Fatigue and how manifestations of Corrections Fatigue interact to negatively affect staff and the workplace culture in a way that is self-reinforcing and reflecting a vicious circle that undermines health, functioning, and fulfillment.

What is the Corrections Fatigue Status Assessment (CFSA-v5)?

The Corrections Fatigue Status Assessment, now in its 5th version, is a scientifically-developed assessment tool that allows for the reliable and valid measurement of the overall health and functioning of a workplace culture, and provides objective scores in 9 key areas: Behavioral Functioning, Outlook/Disposition, Leader Supportiveness, Psychological Safety, Staff Reliability, Morale, Moral Injury, Staff Supportiveness, and Meaning. Scores from individual content areas have a variety of uses. The CFSA-v5 is often administered online in conjunction with the CSRI and/or DDS (described below). The CSRI and CFSA-v5, together, provide 13 distinct assessment scales bearing staff health and functioning, and which facilitate highly actionable, data-driven intervention designs. The DDS is a brief add-on that takes less than 5 minutes to complete, and adds a 14th measure (optional).

How the CFSA-v5 is Used

Using an online web application that staff can access from work or home via internet connection, the CFSA-v5 provides a convenient way to collect and aggregate data from staff. An organizations’ staff are provided password access a list of multiple-choice style questions that ask about a range of issues pertaining to health, functioning, workplace climate and conditions. Collected CFSA-v5 data are statistically analyzed in aggregate and in relation to cut-points and national baseline data. Results indicate an organization’s status in terms of the overall degree that Corrections Fatigue permeates the workplace culture, and also how it compares to national averages in 9 key areas. This information puts organizations in an excellent position to evaluate where to focus improvement efforts. The CFSA-v5 provides an evidence-based, data-driven approach to determining aspects of the workplace culture that need improvement in order to reduce Corrections Fatigue and simultaneously move staff toward greater health, functioning, and fulfillment.

Click here to download a Data Sheet detailing content and psychometric property information on the CFSA-v5. Note that product Data Sheets are updated periodically and it is recommended that users check for the most up to date version.


Corrections Staff Resilience Inventory™ (CSRI)

© 2014 Michael D. Denhof, PhD and Caterina G. Spinaris, PhD

The Corrections Staff Resilience Inventory (CSRI) is a scientifically-developed assessment tool that allows for the reliable and valid measurement of the presence and extent of various classes of Resilience Promoting Behaviors (RPBs) potentially being performed by corrections professionals making up the workforce in a given organization. Resilience is understood as immunity or protection against Corrections Fatigue and related negative health conditions. RPBs are specific types of actions which, if routinely performed, have the effect of bolstering the health and functioning of the workforce. The CSRI measures the presence and extent of 4 classes of RPBs: (1) Supportive Staff Relationship Maintenance Efforts, (2) Self-Care Health Maintenance Efforts, (3) Confident/Perseverant Frame of Mind, and (4) Controlled/Logical Problem Solving. The CSRI is often administered online in conjunction with the CFSA-v5 and/or DDS. The CSRI and CFSA-v5, together, provide 13 distinct assessment scales bearing staff health and functioning, and which facilitate highly actionable, data-driven intervention designs. The DDS is a brief add-on that takes less than 5 minutes to complete, and adds a 14th measure (optional).

Click here to download a Data Sheet detailing content and psychometric property information on the CSRI. Note that product Data Sheets are updated periodically and it is recommended that users check for the most up to date version.


VIDES_7Violence, Injury, and Death Exposure Scale™ (VIDES-v2)

© 2014 Michael D. Denhof, PhD and Caterina G. Spinaris, PhD

The Violence, Injury, and Death Exposure Scale – version 2 (VIDES-v2) is a psychometrically sound assessment tool that assesses the degree of exposure to Violence, Injury, and Death events experienced by groups. The VIDES has excellent applicability as an assessment and research tool, and correlates well with relevant criterion variables. The VIDES is often employed to gauge the level of VID exposure in correctional facilities or departments.

The VIDES is a reliable and valid assessment instrument with sound psychometric properties, developed by researchers at Desert Waters Correctional Outreach. It was designed specifically for use by public safety professionals who experience high stress experiences or incidents, often repeatedly, directly and indirectly, as part of their job role. Examples include law enforcement officers of various types, corrections professionals, and others performing similar job roles.

Click here to download a Data Sheet detailing content and psychometric property information on the VIDES. Note that product Data Sheets are updated periodically and it is recommended that users check for the most up to date version.